PIRAEUS

  • Piraeus ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES-1

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES

NEOSOIKOI (SHIP SHEDS). These were roofed constructions for the maintenance and repair of the triremes, which were always well-trained to protect the Athens maritime sovereignty. Hundreds of craftsmen and countless slaves were employed in 196 ship sheds at the port of Zea. The length of a ship shed was about 40 meters. One can observe the remains of the ship sheds in the foundations of two neighboring buildings on the east side of Moutsopoulou coast. Specifically, in the building block of Thrasivoulou and Sirangiou streets and Moutsopoulou coast.
SIRANGIO. It is also called the cave of Paraskevas and is situated between Mikrolimano and Zea Marina, at the end of the parking area of Votsalakia beach. In ancient times the place was holy and dedicated to the local hero Sirangos, who probably is Glaucus, son of Poseidon and nymph Naeades. In Roman times, the cave served as a bath. In its entrance it was found a mosaic with the representation of a young man riding aquadriga.
PHILON’S ARSENAL. It was the largest building of Piraeus in antiquity. Its construction began in 346 BC and in order to be completed in 330 BC it was imposed by the state a special contribution of ten golden talents in every wealthy Athenian citizen. The arsenal was named after the architect Philon. It had a length of 135 meters and a width of 18 meters, while its interior was divided into three aisles with rows of Ionic columns. The building housed sails, masts, life jackets, ropes and enough weaponry to equip more than 200 triremes. Philon’s arsenal was razed in 86 BC by the Roman legions.
ROMAN ANTIQUITIES OF TERPSITHEA. In the building block defined by Iroon Polytechniou, Skouze, Leosthenous and Philellinon streets, there were found antiquities from the Roman period. The space was intended for the erection of a school, but in 1981 the excavations brought to light the ruins of Roman houses.