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In 1834 the architects Cleanthes and Shaubert drew up the plans for the city of Piraeus. As an important commercial, industrial and shipping center, it acquired impressive buildings. In the early 20th century, with the neoclassical element dominating public and private buildings, Piraeus exuded the strength and the aesthetics of the bourgeoisie and the shipowners who had their shipping offices here. The traditional urban fabric and the architectural identity of the city is still evident in the city center and several of its buildings have been declared listed since the mid 1990s. The architectural development of the historic center of Piraeus is really interesting. Residential buildings, the upper bourgeoisie mansions, shops, offices, workshops, factories, hotels and public buildings exhibit a variety of building solutions. The common denominator, up until the First World War, was neoclassicism in all the phases of its evolution. There also several excellent examples of interwar architecture from the namesake period.
* Source: Dr. S. Malikourti / Architect-Engineer, The Historic Center of Piraeus-Preservation and Tourism Development.

The neoclassical past of the city is revived in the center of Piraeus. The brightest example, the renovated Municipal Theatre, has once again become a reference point for the cultural life of the city. Other characteristic buildings are those of the Hellenic Naval Academy, designed by architect Ziller, the Hatzikyriakio Foundation, the former Navy hospital which was a 1875 mansion etc. A special place is held for the former Patsiadis mansion, as it is the only building remaining from the cluster of seven mansions designed by the famous German architect Ernst Ziller, in the late 19th century. Metaxas mansion (1899) is also attributed to him. An excellent example of eclectic architecture with baroque elements is Vattis mansion. The architecture of the neighborhood of Castella is also of great interest with mansions of the 19th century in colonial style, two-storey neoclassical and old mansions built masterfully in locations with high gradient.